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Publicado: 19 Nov 2008 10:07
por hermanoted
Y los gobiernos siguen sin ponerse de acuerdo en si intervenir o no con sus fuerzas navales. ¿Habrá sonado la hora de las PMC?

http://www.20minutos.es/noticia/429899/ ... ecuestros/

Publicado: 19 Nov 2008 14:08
por Loopster
Bueno, los indios acaban de hundir un buque nodriza de los piratas al que dieron orden de detenerse para ser inspeccionado, los piratas respondieron por radio que si se les acercaban hundirían el buque indio y los indios al ver a piratas con RPGs y AKs en cubierta disparon hasta mandarlo al fondo del océano.

Ya hay varias PMCs trabajando allí, algunas con unos precios realmente abusivos, pero es que los seguros se están disparando y perder un buque como el Sirius Star es perder 500 millones de $ de golpe. Varios armadores están pidiendo a diferentes empresas que preparen planes de protección permanente para sus flotas (como los pesqueros, que pasan largas jornadas en zonas llenas de piratas) mientras que para el tema de los tránsitos por zonas de riesgo la tendencia parece que va a ser que sean los gobiernos los que monten servicios de escolta para que los buques mercantes y petroleros no tengan que dar el rodeo por el Cabo de Buena Esperanza.

Así tenemos por ejemplo el caso de Egipto, que está perdiendo mucho dinero por el simple hecho de que ha disminuido el tráfico por el Estrecho de Suez porque la ruta implica cruzar el Golfo de Adén. Kenia, Comores, Seychelles,... todos estos países dependen en mayor o menor medida del tráfico marítimo y de las mercancias que llegan por mar, así que la piratería para ellos es un asunto muy serio.

Otros, como el gobierno malayo, están pensando sacar a concurso un servicio de escolta de buques petroleros, ya que el "ejemplo" de los somalíes puede animar a los piratas que operan en el Estrecho de Malaca a asaltar algún superpretrolero y liarla a base de bien.

Re: Los piratas somalíes secuestran 5 buques en menos de 5 dias.

Publicado: 09 Dic 2008 15:06
por Loopster
Private firms may have anti-piracy role


December 8, 2008 at 8:01 AM EST

SUBJECT: Will private security contractors have a role in combattng piracy?

SIGNIFICANCE: As pirate attacks on commercial shipping increase – particularly in the Gulf of Aden – and higher-value ships are seized, the debate over how to address the problem has intensified. The unwillingness or inability of states such as Somalia to control pirates operating in their waters, and ineffective international counter-measures, have led the maritime industry to consider using private security contractors.

ANALYSIS: Increasingly bold attacks by Somali pirates against commercial shipping in the Gulf of Aden and surrounding waters – and the sporadic, uncoordinated, and largely ineffective actions of various governments to counter the threat – have led shippers to consider expanding their use of private security contractors. While there are significant downsides to the use of PSCs, a lack of viable alternatives may cause more shipping firms to fall back on this age-old method of protecting their vessels. (Centuries ago, the East India Company ran its own convoys to protect its ships from pirates.) Pirate depredations increase. Somali pirates are increasingly sophisticated, and have begun to expand their range well beyond the Gulf of Aden:

Sophisticated equipment. Long-range boats equipped with GPS navigation systems, 0.5-calibre machine-guns and rocket-propelled grenades have enabled Somali pirates increasingly to launch long-distance attacks against high-value targets in major shipping lanes. Against such weapons, traditional non-lethal deterrents – such as high-powered hoses, slippery foam, acoustic devices and electric rails – are of no avail.

Blood and money. In the first six months of 2008, 71 vessels were boarded off Somalia, twelve were hijacked and eleven were fired on before escaping. A total of 190 crew members have been taken hostage, seven have been killed and another seven are missing and presumed dead, according to the International Maritime Bureau.

Valuable booty. The capture of the Sirius Star last month, a Saudi Aramco-owned supertanker carrying 2 million barrels of oil worth approximately 100 million dollars, was rapidly followed by the seizure of a Thai fishing boat with 16 crew and an Iranian cargo vessel with a crew of 25. More recently, pirates also captured the Hong Kong-flagged bulk carrier Delight, laden with wheat for Bandar Abbas, Iran.

Expanding range. The capture of the Sirius, approximately 450 nautical miles south-east of Kenya, demonstrated that the pirates' operating zone had expanded to encompass the main oil trade route from the Gulf to Europe and the United States.

Ineffectual government responses. With rare exceptions, regular military forces are either unavailable or unwilling to engage in anti-piracy missions:

India. The Indian Navy said on Nov. 19 that one of its warships, the INS Tabar, had engaged a pirate “mother ship” in the Gulf of Aden, sinking it and forcing the pirates to abandon a second boat. However, this action appears to have resulted in the deaths of several hostages.

France. France is the only country to have used commando forces to capture Somali pirates and rescue hostages. One occasion involved chasing several marauders back to Somalia after the crew of a French luxury yacht had been freed. A second incident involved covertly boarding a small yacht to free a French couple from their sleeping captors. However, on both occasions, some ransom payments had been made, which convinced the pirates that the use of force was unlikely – and all of the hostages were French.

Insufficient naval protection. Currently the United States and its allies have 14 warships off Somalia, but this is insufficient to provide escorts to all commercial vessels. At least 251 incidents worldwide have been reported this year to the IMB's Piracy Reporting Centre. Piracy is a global phenomenon. Even if sufficient forces were dispatched to the Gulf of Aden, pirates would continue to operate in other global hot spots. It may not be possible for any one country, perhaps not even the United States, to protect all sea lanes.

Possible contractor opportunities. Traditionally, the shipping industry has used private companies to help negotiate ransoms and the release of crews after a ship has been captured. However, maritime firms and the US government have also used contractors to help protect ships against pirates and other security threats: Malacca precedent. For years, strategic ‘choke points' such as the Strait of Malacca have been plagued by pirate attacks. As a counter-measure, shippers have turned to firms such as Background Asia Risk Solutions to provide armed escort vessels – in addition to soliciting government help.

HollowPoint. After the September capture of the Ukrainian MV Faina off Somalia, which was carrying 33 tanks, HollowPoint Protective Services announced that the firm was in negotiations to provide “asset protection and security services” in the Gulf of Aden.

Blackwater. Blackwater Worldwide has offered a support vessel service that would accompany a ship and deploy patrol helicopters. This would involve defensive escort duty, rather than hunting down pirates. For anti-piracy operations, the 14-member crew would be supplemented with Blackwater security guards and four rigid-hull inflatable boats. Blackwater says it has had enquiries from about 60 shippers and insurance companies and is preparing a presentation for potential clients in London this month.

Public-private cooperation. After the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks, a number of UK contractors – including Marine Underwater Security Consultants and Hart Security – were invited to participate in a committee drafting the U.S. Coast Guard's International Ship and Port Facility code submission to the UN's International Maritime Organisation. More recently, Vice Admiral William Gortney of the US Fifth Fleet, whose headquarters are in Bahrain, urged merchant vessels to sail with armed guards.

Problems with contractors. However, employing contractors may also be problematic, in several respects:

Illegitimate firms. In 2005, a U.S. contractor signed a two-year deal worth more than $50-million with the Somali Transitional Federal Government to escort ships through Somali waters. However, the company's capacity was so dubious that the US Department of State's Bureau of Arms Control issued a ‘cease and desist' order.

Legal issues. The legality of some security operations may be questionable. For example, the state flags under which ships are registered differ over whether employing contractors on their vessels is permissible. Some states explicitly prohibit it, some say they do not support it, and others remain neutral.

Wary shippers. Ship owners, masters and crews do not like the thought of a fire-fight occurring somewhere around or aboard their vessels, particularly in the case of oil tankers. Therefore, the shipping community has been circumspect about whether commercial vessels should carry security guards.

UN opposition. The IMO distributed new guidance after the Sept. 11 attacks, strongly discouraging shippers from arming commercial crews, because it would risk “escalating an already dangerous situation”.

Long-term fix. With respect to piracy in the Gulf of Aden and surrounding waters, it is likely that the only long-term solution involves a stable Somalia.

CONCLUSION: The use of private security contractors to provide maritime security has a long history. For a variety of practical and legal reasons, shipping firms are wary of carrying private security forces on their vessels. However, given that governments are unlikely to be capable of providing adequate protection, the maritime industry may begin to employ dedicated private security vessels for convoy purposes.

From the Oxford Analytica Daily Brief

Copyright 2008 - Oxford Analytica Ltd. All rights reserved.

Founded in 1975, Oxford Analytica's 1,000+ analysts provide international organizations with monitoring, research and consultancy services that explore the strategic implications of policy, economic, financial, industry, trade and security developments around the world.

Re: Los piratas somalíes secuestran 5 buques en menos de 5 dias.

Publicado: 17 Mar 2009 12:20
por tarraco

Algo más de lo mismo........ EULEN + Somalia

http://www.elconfidencialdigital.com/Ar ... jeto=20012

Re: Los piratas somalíes secuestran 5 buques en menos de 5 dias.

Publicado: 07 Abr 2009 13:34
por alatriste
Necesito información sobre si hay alguna pmc operando en el tema de la piratería con medios aéreos.


Re: Los piratas somalíes secuestran 5 buques en menos de 5 dias.

Publicado: 07 Abr 2009 13:55
por Loopster
Hay tres, dos que emplean helicópteros para posicionar y recoger a sus equipos de seguridad a la entrada y salida de la ruta del Golfo de Adén.

La tercera es una especie de servicio P3 Orion privado. No, no es coña.

Explícame en un MP porqué necesitas saberlo y veo si puedo pasarte más datos.

Re: Los piratas somalíes secuestran 5 buques en menos de 5 dias.

Publicado: 07 Abr 2009 22:04
por werken
La tercera es una especie de servicio P3 Orion privado. No, no es coña.
¿Podrías explicar eso?


Re: Los piratas somalíes secuestran 5 buques en menos de 5 dias.

Publicado: 07 Abr 2009 23:15
por Loopster
Te explico, es una empresa que dispone de varios aviones a los que han colocado sistemas FLIR, JSIT, HSD-Comm Data,... Realizan vuelos de reconocimiento "alrededor" de los buques que les han contratado, y comprueban la actividad alrededor de los mismos y en su ruta prevista.

Si en la ruta de un mercante que les ha contratado aparece un pesquero de bajura pero en alta mar, o sin nombre, o que aparece en las listas de buques nodriza conocidos... se avisa a los armadores y al buque en cuestión de que esté atento a esa zona/sector/buque en concreto.

Llevan poco tiempo y supe de ellos por un amigo británico que lleva en este negocio casi 20 años, espero encontrármelos a finales de este mes en la conferencia antipiratería de Londres.


Re: Los piratas somalíes secuestran 5 buques en menos de 5 dias.

Publicado: 08 Abr 2009 14:01
por hermanoted
nuevas noticias desde el frente somalí.

http://www.elpais.com/articulo/internac ... uint_9/Tes

un saludo

Re: Los piratas somalíes secuestran 5 buques en menos de 5 dias.

Publicado: 09 Abr 2009 13:26
por sombra
La historia del barco mercante con tripulación USA capturado por piratas y luego retomado por su tripulación. Al parecer el capitán está desaparecido en manos de los piratas.
Drama as US crew recapture vessel
US crew members have recaptured their ship after it was hijacked by Somali pirates, but their captain is still being held hostage by the attackers.

The Maersk Alabama was taken by the pirates about 500km (311 miles) off Somalia\'s coast after a lengthy battle.

The crew later fought back and retook the ship, but the captain was captured by the pirates who fled in a lifeboat, crew members have told US media.

A US warship and other vessels are speeding towards the scene.

The cruise-missile carrying USS Bainbridge is among the ships the US Navy has despatched, officials told the Associated Press.

US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said the government was following the situation very closely and urged the world to act to end the \"scourge\" of piracy.


\'No injuries\'

US media have telephoned members of the ship\'s crew to get details of their struggle against the pirates.

Second mate Ken Quinn told CNN how the crew captured one of the pirates and kept him tied up for 12 hours.

As they attempted to negotiate the release of their captain, who has been named as Richard Phillips, they freed the captive attacker.

But the gang refused to free Capt Phillips.

\"Right now they want to hold our captain for ransom, and we are trying to get him back,\" second mate Quinn said.

\"So now we\'re just trying to offer them whatever we can - food. But it\'s not working too good.\"

He said the attackers had fled in a lifeboat and crew members were using radios to keep in contact with Capt Phillips.

In a statement, the ship\'s owners, Maersk, confirmed much of the sailor\'s account.

\"The armed hijackers who boarded this ship earlier today have departed, however they are currently holding one member of the ship\'s crew as a hostage,\" Maersk said.

\"The other members of the crew are safe and no injuries have been reported.\"

Upsurge in hijackings

The ship was first attacked by several pirate boats in the early hours of Wednesday.

It is not clear how many attackers were involved, but accounts from the sailors on the Maersk Alabama suggest that four boarded the vessel.

Maritime officials said the ship took all possible evasive action before it reported that the pirates had boarded.

Pirate attacks have been increasing rapidly in recent years - more than 130 incidents were reported in 2008, including almost 50 successful hijacks.

Pirates typically hold the ships and crews until large ransoms are paid by the shipping companies - last year the firms handed over about $80m (£54m).

After a lull earlier this year, this was the sixth ship seized off Somalia in the past week.

The attacks are threatening to destabilise one of the world\'s busiest shipping lanes.

Story from BBC NEWS:
http://news.bbc.co.uk/go/pr/fr/-/2/hi/a ... 990896.stm

Published: 2009/04/08 22:58:11 GMT