Terrorismo en Paquistan

Estudio del fenómeno yihadista en Pakistán, Afganistán, Chechenia, las repúblicas exsoviéticas y las conexiones de sus células en los Balcanes y el Reino Unido.
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Esteban
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Terrorismo en Paquistan

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Abro este tema para desarrollar los temas relacionados con el terrorismo en suelo paquistaní. Es cierto que tiene una gran relación con al Qaeda o los movimientos islámicos cachemires, pero implica también el terrorismo beluchistaní y cómo no, las amenazas a la seguridad nuclear paquistaní.

En este sentido ha habido un intento de secuestro de varios trabajadores de la Comisión Atómica Paquistaní a manos de extremistas venidos de las zonas tribales, próximos al movimiento talibán y a al Qaeda-
Pakistan 'nuclear' kidnap foiled

Police in north-west Pakistan say they have foiled a bid to abduct six officials working for the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC).
Police say the gang seized the staff south of Peshawar late on Sunday, but were stopped at a security checkpoint.

Three would-be kidnappers were shot dead in the gunfight, while two others were arrested. Police say they have yet to establish a motive.

PAEC set up an office in the area after high-grade uranium was discovered.

Series of raids

Imagen

According to local sources, at least 20 armed men raided the PAEC office in the village of Banda Daud Shah in Karak district on Sunday night.

The kidnappers took the officials there hostage and set off with them towards the Orakzai agency in the nearby tribal areas.

However, they were stopped at the checkpoint after exchanging gunfire with security forces. All the hostages were freed.

According to the police, the kidnappers were from one of the tribal regions bordering Afghanistan.

They said those involved had been identified, but refused to give further details.

It is the latest in a series of incidents targeting governmental and non-governmental organisations in the area.

In recent months, dozens of vehicles and more than 50 people have been hijacked or kidnapped by criminal gangs, BBC correspondents say.

Police blame most of the incidents on criminals, although they say tribesmen have also disguised themselves as Taleban fighters to carry out the raids.

In addition, some of the stolen vehicles have been used in bombings, the authorities say.

Most of the raiding tribesmen are said to come from the Taleban stronghold of North Waziristan.
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La respuesta de Musharraf no se ha hecho esperar. Han atacado con helos un supuesto escondite de terroristas en Zamzola, a unos cuatro kilómetros de la frontera entre Afganistán y Waziristan Sur.
ISLAMABAD, Pakistan - Pakistani helicopter gunships attacked a suspected al-Qaida hide-out in forest near the Afghan border Tuesday, killing up to 10 people and sparking anger among tribesmen who said the dead were woodcutters, not terrorists.

The raid in South Waziristan came as Defense Secretary Robert Gates visited Afghanistan and as pressure grew on Pakistan to crack down on militants launching attacks across the frontier.

Pakistan's army said intelligence sources confirmed the presence of 25 to 30 militants, including four or five unidentified al-Qaida terrorists, occupying five compounds in the area of Zamzola — a village about two miles from the frontier.

Pakistani forces backed by Cobra gunships attacked them, destroying three of the compounds.

Army spokesman Maj. Gen. Shaukat Sultan reported eight militants were killed and 10 wounded, none of them "high-value targets."

Anwar Ullah, who lives near Zamzola, told The Associated Press by telephone that five helicopters fired missiles at five homes. He said local tribesmen retrieved 10 bodies and 10 wounded from the rubble. He said the slain men were Afghan laborers hired by a tribal elder to cut wood.

About 600 tribesmen chanting slogans against President Bush and Pakistan President Gen. Pervez Musharraf later protested the raid, blocking a highway with burning tires for two hours in the town of Tank — about 100 miles north of Zamzola.

"They were not terrorists. They were only laborers," Niaz Quereshi, a local religious leader, said of the dead men.

Tuesday's raid ended a relative lull in violence on the Pakistan side of the border since the government signed a September peace deal with pro-Taliban militants in nearby North Waziristan. But critics say the deal has consolidated Taliban influence and given freer rein for militants to venture into Afghanistan where violence has escalated sharply.

In a sign that Pakistan was getting tougher again, Musharraf told top generals Tuesday it would continue efforts to control extremism and terrorism through political means, but would not tolerate any illegal border-crossing. "Any hide-out or sanctuary being used by terrorists or miscreants shall be knocked out wherever it is found," a military statement quoted Musharraf as saying.

As Gates visited Kabul and held talks with Afghan President Hamid Karzai, American military officials said Taliban fighters were exploiting the North Waziristan deal to dramatically increase attacks on U.S. and allied forces in eastern and southeastern Afghanistan.

A U.S. military intelligence officer said since the deal took effect Sept. 5, the number of attacks in the border area of Afghanistan had grown by 300 percent — although one condition of the deal is for militants to refrain from such attacks. Pakistan was also accused of turning a blind eye to infiltration by Taliban fighters at a border control point.

Pakistan, a former Taliban supporter but now a key ally of the United States in its war on terror, says it has 80,000 troops policing the border and has arrested hundreds of al-Qaida suspects since the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks.
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Esteban
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Parece ser que Paquistán anuncia una nueva operación militar en Waziristan, tras los últimos episodios de terrorismo con origen en esa región. Esto sin duda es un reconocimiento de que el famoso acuerdo con los líderes tribales del año pasado ha sido un fracaso.
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kilo009
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27 de Enero de 2007:

Explosión en la mezquita (chií) de Peshawar:

-10 muertos y 42 heridos
-Murió un alto oficial de Policía de Peshawar

La tensión entre la comunidad chií y suni en la zona aumenta.

-El pasado jueves murieron dos personas en otra explosión que tuvo lugar en un concurrido mercado de la ciudad de Hangu, que se une a otros dos atentados registrados a mediados de este mes en los que perdieron la vida otras seis personas.

18 de Febrero de 2007:

Un atentado en Quetta (Beluchistán):

-Terrorista suicida afgano
-Dentro de unos juzgados
-15 muertos (entre ellos un juez y un abogado)
-las fuerzas de seguridad manejan la posibilidad de que el objetivo del ataque fuera en realidad la oficina del superintendente policial del distrito, un edificio adyacente a los juzgados.
-Se piensa que es obra de la organización terrorista Ejército de Liberación de Beluchistán (BLA), que en los últimos tiempos ha cometido varios atentados en la zona.
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Según The New York Times, citando fuentes de inteligencia de EEUU:

Las áreas tribales de la frontera entre Pakistán y Afganistán ven florecer los campos de entrenamiento de Al Qaeda

Existen cada vez más evidencias de que Osama Bin Laden y Ayman al-Zawahri, han recuperado el contacto con sus hombres y de que han estado levantando campos de entrenamiento y un centro de operaciones en la zona montañosa de Waziristán del norte, en Pakistán

Expertos estadounidenses han afirmado que informaciones recientes muestran que dichos campos funcionan bajo una estructura jerárquica laxa y que son dirigidos por grupos de milicianos árabes, paquistaníes y afganos aliados de Al Qaeda. Reciben instrucciones de sus mandos y de al-Zawahri
Senior leaders of Al Qaeda operating from Pakistan have re-established significant control over their once-battered worldwide terror network and over the past year have set up a band of training camps in the tribal regions near the Afghan border, according to American intelligence and counterterrorism officials.

American officials said there was mounting evidence that Osama bin Laden and his deputy, Ayman al-Zawahri, had been steadily building an operations hub in the mountainous Pakistani tribal area of North Waziristan. Until recently, the Bush administration had described Mr. bin Laden and Mr. Zawahri as detached from their followers and cut off from operational control of Al Qaeda.

The United States has also identified several new Qaeda compounds in North Waziristan, including one that officials said might be training operatives for strikes against targets beyond Afghanistan.

American analysts said recent intelligence showed that the compounds functioned under a loose command structure and were operated by groups of Arab, Pakistani and Afghan militants allied with Al Qaeda. They receive guidance from their commanders and Mr. Zawahri, the analysts said. Mr. bin Laden, who has long played less of an operational role, appears to have little direct involvement.

Officials said the training camps had yet to reach the size and level of sophistication of the Qaeda camps established in Afghanistan under Taliban rule. But groups of 10 to 20 men are being trained at the camps, the officials said, and the Qaeda infrastructure in the region is gradually becoming more mature.

The new warnings are different from those made in recent months by intelligence officials and terrorism experts, who have spoken about the growing abilities of Taliban forces and Pakistani militants to launch attacks into Afghanistan. American officials say that the new intelligence is focused on Al Qaeda and points to the prospect that the terrorist network is gaining in strength despite more than five years of a sustained American-led campaign to weaken it.

The intelligence and counterterrorism officials would discuss the classified intelligence only on the condition of anonymity. They would not provide some of the evidence that led them to their assessments, saying that revealing the information would disclose too much about the sources and methods of intelligence collection.

The concern about a resurgent Al Qaeda has been the subject of intensive discussion at high levels of the Bush administration, the officials said, and has reignited debate about how to address Pakistan’s role as a haven for militants without undermining the government of Gen. Pervez Musharraf, the Pakistani president.

Last week, President Bush’s senior counterterrorism adviser, Frances Fragos Townsend, went to Afghanistan during a Middle East trip to meet with security officials about rising concerns on Al Qaeda’s resurgence in Afghanistan and Pakistan, an administration official said.

Officials from several different American intelligence and counterterrorism agencies presented a consistent picture in describing the developments as a major setback to American efforts against Al Qaeda.

A Split Over Strategy

But debates within the administration about how best to deal with the threat have yet to yield any good solutions, officials in Washington said. One counterterrorism official said that some within the Pentagon were advocating American strikes against the camps, but that others argued that any raids could result in civilian casualties. And State Department officials say increased American pressure could undermine President Musharraf’s military-led government.

Some of the interviews with officials were granted after John D. Negroponte, then the director of national intelligence, told Congress last month that “Al Qaeda’s core elements are resilient” and that the organization was “cultivating stronger operational connections and relationships that radiate outward from their leaders’ secure hide-out in Pakistan to affiliates throughout the Middle East, North Africa and Europe.”

As recently as 2005, American intelligence assessments described senior leaders of Al Qaeda as cut off from their foot soldiers and able only to provide inspiration for future attacks. But more recent intelligence describes the organization’s hierarchy as intact and strengthening.

“The chain of command has been re-established,” said one American government official, who said that the Qaeda “leadership command and control is robust.”

American officials and analysts said a variety of factors in Pakistan had come together to allow “core Al Qaeda” — a reference to Mr. bin Laden and his immediate circle — to regain some of its strength. The emergence of a relative haven in North Waziristan and the surrounding area has helped senior operatives communicate more effectively with the outside world via courier and the Internet.

The investigation into last summer’s failed plot to bomb airliners in London has led counterterrorism officials to what they say are “clear linkages” between the plotters and core Qaeda operatives in Pakistan. American analysts point out that the trials of terrorism suspects in Britain revealed that some of the defendants had been trained in Pakistan.

In a videotaped statement last year, Mr. Zawahri claimed responsibility for the July 2005 London suicide bombings. Included in the same tape was a statement by one of the London suicide bombers, pledging allegiance to Al Qaeda. Two of the four bombers traveled to Pakistan prior to the attack.

Bruce Hoffman, a terrorism expert at Georgetown University, told the House Armed Services Committee last week that Al Qaeda “is on the march.” He said, “Al Qaeda in fact is now functioning exactly as its founder and leader, Osama bin Laden, envisioned it,” because, he said, Qaeda leaders are planning major attacks and inspiring militants to carry out attacks around the globe.

Other experts questioned the seriousness of Pakistan’s commitment. They argued that elements of Pakistan’s military still supported the Taliban and saw them as a valuable proxy to counter the rising influence of India, Pakistan’s regional rival.

Joint Efforts by Militants

Since 2001, members of various militant groups in Pakistan have increased their cooperation with one another in the tribal areas, according to American analysts.

The analysts said that North Waziristan became a hub of militant activity last year, after President Musharraf negotiated a treaty with tribal leaders in the area. He pledged to pull troops back to barracks in the area in exchange for tribal leaders’ ending support for cross-border attacks into Afghanistan, but officials in Washington and Islamabad conceded that the agreement had been a failure.

During a news conference days before last November’s elections, President Bush said of the campaign against Al Qaeda: “Absolutely, we’re winning. Al Qaeda is on the run.”

But in a speech several days ago, Mr. Bush painted a more sober picture of Al Qaeda’s current strength, especially inside Pakistan.

“Taliban and Al Qaeda figures do hide in remote regions of Pakistan,” Mr. Bush said. “This is wild country; this is wilder than the Wild West. And these folks hide and recruit and launch attacks.”

Officials said that both American and foreign intelligence services had collected evidence leading them to conclude that at least one of the camps in Pakistan might be training operatives capable of striking Western targets. A particular concern is that the camps are frequented by British citizens of Pakistani descent who travel to Pakistan on British passports.

In a speech in November, the director general of MI5, Britain’s domestic intelligence agency, Dame Eliza Manningham-Buller, said that terrorist plots in Britain “often have links back to Al Qaeda in Pakistan.” She said that “through those links, Al Qaeda gives guidance and training to its largely British foot soldiers here on an extensive and growing scale.”

Leaders Appear Secure

Officials said that the United States still had little idea where Mr. bin Laden and Mr. Zawahri had been hiding since 2001, but that the two men were not believed to be present in the camps currently operating in North Waziristan. Among the indicators that American officials cited as a sign that Qaeda leaders felt more secure was the release of 21 statements by Mr. bin Laden and Mr. Zawahri in 2006, roughly twice the number as in the previous year.

In the past, statements issued by Mr. bin Laden and Mr. Zawahri referred to events that were sometimes several weeks old, one official said, suggesting that the men had difficulty creating a secure means of distributing the tapes. Now, the statements are more current, at times referring to events that occurred days earlier.

American intelligence and counterterrorism officials said that most of the men receiving training in Pakistan had been carrying out attacks inside Afghanistan, but that Al Qaeda had also strengthened its ties to groups in Iraq that had sworn allegiance to Mr. bin Laden. They said dozens of seasoned fighters were moving between Pakistan and Iraq, apparently engaging in an “exchange of best practices” for attacking American forces.

Over the past year, insurgent tactics from Iraq have migrated to Afghanistan, where suicide bombings have increased fivefold and roadside bomb attacks have doubled. In testimony to the House Armed Services Committee last week, Lt. Gen. Karl Eikenberry, the departing commander of coalition forces in Afghanistan, said the United States could not prevail in Afghanistan and defeat global terrorism without addressing the havens in Pakistan.

Pakistani officials say that they are doing their best to gain control of the area and that military efforts to pacify it have failed, but that more reconstruction aid is needed.

Officials said that over the past year, Al Qaeda had also shown an increased international capability, citing as an example its alliance with the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat, an Algerian-based group that has carried out a series of attacks in recent months.

Last fall, the Algerian group renamed itself Al Qaeda of the Islamic Maghreb. Officials in Washington say they believe that the group is linked to a recent string of sophisticated car bombings and other attacks in Algeria, including a December attack on a bus carrying Halliburton contractors.
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kilo009
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Curioso lo de ataques a contratistas de Halliburton además de dar una gran importancia a la unión del Grupo Salafista para la Predicación y el Combate (¿nuevo incremento de la inestabilidad en Argelia?)
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El problema de fondo del presunto apoyo de Islamabad a los talibanes es de difícil solución: la islamización de Pakistán, un proceso que avanza a ojos vista desde hace años. El general Musharraf se apoya en los partidos islamistas para conservar el poder frente a sus archienemigos laicos, y ha permitido que los mulás gobiernen en las provincias fronterizas con Afganistán, la levantisca Baluchistán, y la provincia del noroeste -cuya capital es Peshawar, un inmenso zoco de armas y droga para la guerrilla talibana-. La Sharía es norma en muchas regiones de Pakistán.

Una de las consecuencias del extraño maridaje entre el régimen laico de Musharraf y los integristas paquistaníes, crucial para entender la inopinada resurreción de los talibanes, fue la retirada del Ejército de las llamadas áreas tribales, pactada entre Islamabad y los líderes locales el pasado verano.
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kilo009
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En declaraciones del Inspector de la UCIE que instruyó varias diligencias para identificar a los acusados y establecer su participación en el 11-M, comenta que tenían un área poco trabajada, y era la pakistaní. Solían hablar con disidentes políticos afincados en Madrid y que estaban en oposición al régimen de Musharraf. Dichos disidentes, cuando se les preguntó si sabían algo del 11M, parecían muy asustados y se sacaban pocas conclusiones de lo que comentaban (no prestaban buena información porque estaban en fuera de juego, es lo que he entendido yo).
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La que hay montada en Waziristán del Sur desde el lunes por la noche

-80 militantes uzbecos vinculados a Al-Qaeda muertos
-40 militantes de las tribus locales apoyadas por pakistán, muertos, y ligados a su vez con los talibanes.

Descontentos con la alianza de las tribus con el Gobierno, los uzbecos intentaron asesinar el pasado 6 de marzo al líder tribal de la localidad de Azam Warsak, Malik Saidullah Khan, aunque fracasaron y además perdieron a 17 hombres en los combates que siguieron al atentado.
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Atentado suicida en Chasaba, con resultado de muerte de más de 20 personas:

-20 muertos y 30 heridos
-Entre ellas el ministro paquistaní de Interior, Aftab Ahmed Khan Sherpao.
-El atentado fue de tipo suicida, y al parecer, el orígen del terrorista es afgano.
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